carnatic music is taught and learned through compositions, which encode several complexes and elaborate musical details, also providing scope for free improvisation. nearly every rendition of its composition is different and unique as it embodies elements of the composer's vision, as well as the musician's interpretation.
instruments, such as the Saraswati Veena and/or venu lute'>flute, can be occasionally found as a rhythmic accompaniment, but usually, a vocalist is supported by a violin player (who sits on his/her left).
there are two styles of violin playing in india: the carnatic and the hindustani and the major difference between indian and western classical music is that the former is based very largely on improvisation, with emphasis on the creativity of the performer.
research shows that children receiving carnatic classical musical training were in advantage for phonological awareness (pa) and verbal working memory. it was also found that the children who had undergone longer duration of training showed better performances.
musicians often take great pride in letting people know about their guru parampara, or the hierarchy of disciples from some prominent ancient musician or composer, to which they belong. in modern times, it is common for students to visit their gurus daily or weekly to learn music.