Flutes are the oldest category of woodwind instrument. The basic design is a tube with an embouchure hole into which the player blows and finger holes to control the pitch. Flutes and piccolos were both originally made of wood, but now they are generally metal.
A flute has three parts: the head joint, which holds the embouchure hole; the body, which is the largest piece; and the foot joint, which is the end of the instrument. Flutes are the more basic of the two designs of woodwind instruments, and require only a length of hollow material and a way of moving air inside. This can be accomplished by blowing air into it, or by blowing air across a mouthpiece to create movement of the air inside.
By varying the air pressure, a flute player can also change the pitch of a note by causing the air in the flute to resonate at a harmonic rather than the fundamental frequency without opening or closing any holes. Flutes come in a number of varieties beyond what many think of as the traditional flute, which is more precisely called a 'Western Concert Flute'. In a typical orchestra, one will also find piccolos, a smaller variant of the flute.
It is very versatile and is used in classical, jazz and modern band ensembles. The right trainer can help you with the essential guidance necessary for playing the soothing music generated from flutes.