Madhubani painting is a style of Hindu Painting, in Bihar. Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns.There are paintings for each occasion and festival such as birth, marriage, Holi, Surya Shasti, kali puja, Upanayanam, Durga Puja etc.
Madhubani paintings mostly depict the men & its association with nature and the scenes & deity from the ancient epics. Natural objects like the sun, the moon, and religious plants like tulsi are also widely painted, along with scenes from the royal court and social events like weddings. Madhubani art has five distinctive styles - Bharni, Katchni, Tantrik, Nepali and Gobar.
The paintings are traditionally based on mythological, folk themes and pastoral symbols. The central themes of most paintings are love, valor, devotion and fertility, though the approach may vary. So it is common to find scenes of courtship and marriages and symbols of fertility and prosperity like fish, parrot, elephant, turtle, sun, moon, bamboo tree, lotus, etc. in prominence.
One may benefit immensely from professional training which will ensure the students imbibe the essential technicalities specific to Madhubani painting.For beginner guidance is essential for technicalities like ensuring detailed tracing otherwise the student will find themselves in trouble later. One can make improvements in designs like changing the features of face, as it generally seen features in Madhubani are not sharp.