Santoor is a trapezoidal-shaped ancient string instrument. It was originally known as Shata Tantri Veena which means an instrument with 100 strings. It has come from Himalayan Valley of Kashmir. It was earlier used in Kashmir but now with some modifications, it is used in various parts of the world.
It can be played Solo as well as accompaniment in a musical style known as Sufiana Mausiqi. Many of the variations of Santoor exist these days depending upon the number of strings, number of bridges, its arrangement and method of playing.
Its body is usually made out of walnut or maple wood, Soundbox of mulberry or walnut wood, bridges of rosewood or ivory. It may consist of 86-100 strings which vary from region to region. It generally consists of more than three octaves. Strings are present in the form of groups of 3-4 and are tied to the right side of bridges.
Santoor is played by placing it on the lap and sitting in a position called Ardha-padmasana where one needs to have an erect posture so that it can be played comfortably. Santoor is placed such that the shorter side of the santoor is away from the player and longer side near the waist, these arrangements could be imbibed during training sessions through a professional trainer who will ensure the right posture and right technique for acing all levels of playing the Santoor.