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The Tabla is regarded as the queen of drums and percussion instruments and is the most popular Indian rhythm instrument. It consists of two drums, the Bayan (big bass drum) and the Dayan.The two of them are almost always played together. Both the two drums as a pair and also the Dayan on its own - as opposed to the Bayan - are called Tabla. Both drums have a body that is closed at the bottom. The open top is mostly covered with a goat leather skin.

The playing technique requires a differentiated fingering in connection with the complex composition of the skin membranes. The combination of the two drums produces an incredible fullness and details of different rhythm structures and this fullness of expression is unmatched by any other rhythm instrument.

The term gharānā is used to specify a lineage of teaching and repertoire in Indian classical music. Most performers and scholars recognize two styles of tabla gharana: Dilli Baj and Purbi Baj. Dilli (or Delhi) baj comes from the style that developed in Delhi, and Purbi (meaning eastern) baj developed in the area east of Delhi. Delhi Baj is also known as Chati baj (Chati is a part of Tabla from where special tone can be produced). Musicians then recognize six gharānās schools or traditions of tabla. These traditions appeared or evolved in presumably the following order:

Delhi gharānā

Lucknow gharānā

Ajrara gharānā

Farukhabad gharānā

Benares gharānā

Punjab gharānā

The use of Music in Music Therapy has confirmed the fact that music has the ability to refresh, strengthen, heal and enrich a person. Whenever you are sad, unhappy or depressed, you can cheer yourself up by doing some riyaaz on your Tabla.

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